In the final issue of the ISKCON Communications Journal, Ravi Gupta wrote an article on the controversies of tradition (sampradāya) in eighteenth-century Caitanya Vaiṣṇavism. Here, Francis Clooney responds to that article from a dialogical perspective, drawing from his own Catholic tradition as well as his extensive research on the Śrīvaiṣṇava sampradāya of South India. Clooney reflects on the tension between maintaining fidelity to tradition while also allowing for originality and innovation. He discusses the special status of founders of traditions – such as Jesus and Caitanya – as well as the role of theologians. He suggests that there is both ‘the danger of too little tradition (in the guise of individual inquiry), or too much tradition (in the guise of supervision and scrutiny)’ and that ‘it is a matter of the times whether one accents the teaching’s continuity or freshness’. Clooney shows the importance of these issues for interreligious dialogue between Vaiṣṇavas and Catholics or, more broadly, Hindus and Christians. He concludes that tradition-based dialogues ‘demand more of their participants than do dialogues bereft of tradition, but their result is richer and of greater benefit to the traditions involved’.